Africa, in past decades, has been seen as a strong, hardworking and intelligent black continent but not as smart, organized and brilliant continent and the reasons especially when it comes to zoonoses is not farfetched.
Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted from vertebrate animals to humans, e. g Rabies, Anthrax, or Ringworm.
There are three basic ways of this transmission; Inhalation, Ingestion and Direct contacts but unfortunately, a strong African would not have a problem inhaling harmful spores believing he is strong, a hardworking African would eat almost anything possible to replenish energy for another day, and an intelligent African would normally be inquisitive to touch anything that raises interest in his mind.
None of these is wrong but all are deadly without proper brilliance of ZOONOSES and good animal welfares.
Poor animal welfarism has indicated the state of backward hit strokes on the hope of Africans and epileptic information and education is a tool.
In a continent where there is little or no information on the animal right cannot comfortably place a demand on the good health of the lower vertebrates.
Welfarism is inducing policies, practices, beliefs into making a contented state of being happy, prosperous and healthy individuals and the good news that most Africans are not aware of is the application of this into the animal world which is the state of having active and healthy of animals, hence, Animal Welfare.
Little have we realized that the state of health of our animals especially companion animals greatly describes our health status in later years and if there is no proper education to farm workers-butchers, pet or animal owners and Africans at large, we may be beating then air and still keep getting hurt.
This also applies to food and wildlife animals and cases have been reported in African countries in mass.
The role of veterinary personnel cannot be sidelined if any successful fight against zoonoses must be won in Africa and fortunately, Veterinary Medics are other blessings for good animal welfare.
In locations where there is reduced or lack of cognizance on the active presence of veterinary personnel, expert inspectors in abattoirs and local or major slaughterhouses, a mischief of complications of zoonosis would not be rare as the veterinary medics and expert inspectors are well enlightened and trained for the purpose of avoiding zoonosis to its least.
Whether or not mentioned, it is a frequent experience in abattoirs that zoonosis is more than what any regular butcher of meat sellers can single-handedly decipher without the help of veterinary personnel.
Indirectly, inappropriate uses of veterinary pharmaceuticals in poor animal welfare have consciously damaged the hope of restoration of health from zoonoses in Africa.
Farms and individuals who thought they do their animals good by constantly administering prophylactic, therapeutic and curative medications on their animals which in turn leads to Drug Resistance, Overdose, Over the counter dose, Drug Residues to mention a few.
Certain zoonotic diseases are not advised to be treated (e.g Anthrax) but food animal farmers may want to go on the treatment for these diseases in order to retain profit margin, those who buy or make contact with these animals are therefore infected even before ingestion.
As two good heads are always better than one, lack of interdisciplinary commitments and unity is needed to fight again zoonoses in Africa.
The fact that not all animal owners are Vets or animal scientists depicts that other owners are based in other disciplines and are in contact with these lower vertebrates.
There is a need for all disciplines and spheres to come together to fight this course of zoonosis and until that is done, the struggle still continues.
For example, if zoonotic cases noticed in human clinics are appropriately referred to veterinary medics, little drops like that make great oceans and progress would be recorded in both sectors.